SAUCKEL, FRITZ° (Ernst Friedrich Christoph; 1894–1946), Nazi official. Born in Hassfurt to a family of minor officials, Sauckel worked in the merchant marines of Norway and Sweden prior to World War I. During World War I he was a prisoner of war. He joined the Nazi Party in 1921 and was appointed Gauleiter ("district leader") of the Nazi Party in Thuringia in 1925 and its governor in 1933. On March 21, 1942, he was appointed by hitler plenipotentiary (Generalbevollmaechtigter) for labor recruitment, and thus he became the most notorious slave driver of Nazi Germany. His self-described task was to make maximum use of the slave labor for the "lowest conceivable expenditure." Up to March 1, 1944, seven and a half million workers were brought on his orders to Germany from all over occupied Europe, of whom only 200,000 came voluntarily. Their working and living conditions were unbearable. Conditions among Jews were the worst. They were literally worked to death. In the fall of 1942 Sauckel, with the aid of the rsha , organized the drafting of Polish workers in order to replace Jews working in the armament industry, with the aim of deporting those Jews to concentration and death camps. He was convicted at the trial of major war criminals in Nuremberg and hanged on October 16, 1946. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Davidson, Trial of the Germans (1966), index; G.M. Gilbert, Nuremberg Diary (1947), index; IMT, Trial of the   Major War Criminals, 24 (1949), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: E.L. Homze, Foreign Labor in Nazi Germany (1967); B. Ferencz, Less than Slaves: Jewish Forced Labor and the Quest for Compensation (1979). (Yehuda Reshef / Michael Berenbaum (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Sauckel, Fritz — ▪ German Nazi politician born Oct. 27, 1894, Hassfurt, Ger. died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg       Nazi politician who was Adolf Hitler s chief recruiter of slave labour during World War II.       While Sauckel was serving as a seaman during World… …   Universalium

  • Sauckel, Fritz — 1894–1946    Sauckel served as Nazi Plenipotentiary General for the Allocation of Labor from 1942 until the end of 1944. He organized the deportation of over five million people to Germany to maintain the war effort and himself estimated that… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Sauckel, Fritz —    See Thuringia …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Sauckel — Fritz Sauckel während des Nürnberger Prozesses Villa Sauckel in Weimar Straßenseite …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz Sauckel — Fritz Sauckel. Fritz Sauckel (1894 1946) fue un político nazi.Con el rango de Comisario General para la mano de obra. Organizó las deportaciones de trabajadores de los países ocupados (especialmente los rusos) hacia Alemania enviándolos a campos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fritz Sauckel — (27 octobre 1894 16 octobre 1946) était un responsable nazi. Il organisa les déportations de travailleurs des pays occupés vers l Allemagne. Biographie Marin sur des navires de commerce, puis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fritz Wächtler — (* 7. Januar 1891 in Triebes; † 19. April 1945 in Waldmünchen) war NSDAP Gauleiter der Bayerischen Ostmark und SS Obergruppenführer (1944). Leben Wächtler, Sohn ei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz Sauckel — während des Nürnberger Prozesses Villa Sauckel in Weimar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz Bracht — Fritz Bracht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sauckel — Sauckel,   Ernst Friedrich (Fritz) Christoph, Politiker, * Haßfurt 27. 10. 1894, ✝ (hingerichtet) Nürnberg 16. 10. 1946; wurde 1922 Mitglied der SA, 1923 der NSDAP; in Thüringen ab 1927 Gauleiter, ab 1929 Landtagsabgeordneter, von August 1932 bis …   Universal-Lexikon

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